Comparative Adjectives Explained!

Comparative adjectives are used to compare the differences between two nouns, whether they are people, places, or things.

These adjectives usually follow these formula:

  1. adjective + -er (for one-syllable adjectives).
  2. For adjectives that end in "y", we typically remove the "y" and add "-ier"
  3. more + adjective (for adjectives with more than one syllable)

We often use the words "than" after the comparative adjective to make comparisons between two things. For example:

  1. "John is taller than Steve."
  2. "This book is more interesting than the one I read last week."
  3. "Beating Roma is easier than beating Arsenal"

Now let's see four different scenarios:

  • Physical Attributes: Imagine you're comparing the heights of two people, you could say, "Sarah is taller than Emily." Here, 'taller' is the comparative form of 'tall'.
  • Personality Traits: If you want to compare the kindness of two individuals, you could say, "Maria is kinder than Mark." Here, 'kinder' is the comparative form of 'kind'.
  • Ease of Tasks: "This math problem is easier than the last one." Here, 'easier' is the comparative form of 'easy'.
  • Prices of Items: "The blue jacket is more expensive than the green one." 'More expensive' is the comparative form of 'expensive'.
  • Remember that there are some irregular adjectives that don't follow these rules. For example, the comparative form of "good" is "better", and "bad" is "worse".