First conditional Explained!

In English, we use the first conditional to talk about real and possible situations. These are events that might happen in the future, and their results are also likely to happen. The first conditional uses the present simple tense after 'if', then 'will' + verb for the result.

  1. The "if" clause uses the present simple tense, and the main clause uses "will" + infinitive form of the verb.
  2. The sentence structure is usually "if" + present simple verb, then subject + "will" + infinitive form of the verb.

It's called the "zero" conditional because it's about things that are always, 100% true. When the condition is met, the result always happens.

Here are three examples in different contexts:

  1. Possibility in the future: If it rains tomorrow, we will stay at home. This is a possible situation in the future, not a guaranteed one.
  2. Advice or warning: If you don't study, you will fail the exam. This is a likely result if the condition happens.
  3. Promise or plan: If I finish work early, I will pick up the kids from school. This is a plan that will happen if the condition is met.

Remember, the first conditional is used for real and possible situations in the future. If the condition happens, the result is likely to happen as well. It's not as certain as the zero conditional, but it's still very likely if the condition is met.